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Are Psychological Services Private and Confidential?

Yes, your identity and all personal information will be kept private and confidential in accordance with the mandate of the College of Psychologists of Ontario. If your services are being paid for by a third party (for example an insurance company or family member) or you are legally mandated to undergo assessment or psychotherapy, some information may need to be shared with that third party payer under certain circumstances. My privacy and confidentiality policies and how they apply to you will be discussed with you during your first session.


Are Psychological Services Covered by OHIP?

No. Psychological services are not covered by OHIP. They are often covered (at least in part) by most extended health insurance plans. If you have insurance, I recommend you contact your insurance company to clarify the nature of your coverage. More information about this can be found here.

Where is your office located? 

My location is 141 Adelaide Street West, suite 1601, just west of the Exchange Tower in Toronto's financial district.

How Can I Book a Session?

If you're a returning client you can use the booking link I sent you. If you are a new client, please email me.

How Long is Each Therapy Session?  

Psychotherapy sessions are generally 50 minutes. Assessment sessions vary and will be discussed with you when we arrange your appointment. Please see my Services page for more information.

How Many Sessions Do I Need? 

The length of psychotherapy varies with a number of factors, including the length of time the problem has been present, the severity of impact on functioning, current coping skills, social supports, response to past treatment, and level of motivation to engage current treatment. Length of treatment is mutually determined and periodically reviewed as needed. 

With regard to assessment, the number of hours needed to adequately evaluate an individual's level of function or presenting problem can vary, and clients will be given an estimate of the time required at the first assessment appointment. 

What is Evidence-based Practice?

According to the Canadian Psychological Association (CPA, 2012), the evidence-based practice of psychological treatments involves the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of the best available research evidence to inform each stage of clinical decision-making and service delivery. It requires that psychologists apply their knowledge of the best available research in the context of specific client characteristics, cultural backgrounds, and treatment preferences. Evidence-based practice entails the monitoring and evaluation of services provided to clients throughout treatment. It also involves a psychologist's own professional development, through a commitment to continually inform and/or be informed by research evidence to identify and select interventions and treatment strategies that maximize the chance of benefit, minimize the risk of harm and deliver the most cost-effective treatment. You can read more here.

What is EMDR?

According to the World Health Organization, Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR) is an evidence-based treatment that focuses on spontaneous associative processing of memories with a component of bilateral stimulation (e.g. eye movements). Unlike traditional CBT PTSD treatments, EMDR therapy (a) does not involve the direct procedural targeting of beliefs or behaviours; (b) does not use daily homework (although the person may be encouraged to test themselves in previously feared situations near the end of the treatment when symptoms have already reduced); and (c) involves treatment that is conducted without detailed descriptions of the event and without direct challenging of beliefs and without extended exposure. You can read more about EMDR here

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